Resiliência parental e transtorno do espectro do autismo : uma revisão da literatura sobre como os pais enfrentam as dificuldades na rotina diária com o filho autista

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that presents symptoms that can be difficult for parents to manage during their daily routine. The present work consists of a literature review whose objective is to seek to understand how families deal with the difficulties after the child’s ASD diagnosis. The research was carried out in the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) and Virtual Health Library (BVS) databases. The descriptors used were: parental resilience and autism. The final sample resulted in eleven articles and showed a relationship between parental resilience, parental stress and social support. Studies highlight that parents who receive social support tend to have less parental stress and, consequently, greater resilience. It also highlights the relevance of interventions with parents that focus on feelings of self-efficacy, management of inappropriate and/or emotional behaviors and the importance of social support, since caregivers will feel prepared to deal with adversities autonomously and safe. The data revealed the need for further research in this area, as it is clear the importance of training, engaging, instructing and preparing the family for the new journey in the face of the child’s ASD diagnosis.

Author : Amanda Patrícia Alves Marçal

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